A Scattered History of the Blues Vol. 3: Guitar Stylists

guitar stylists v3

Third instalment of American blues focuses on a few guitar whizzes.  Guys who not only knew how to play the six string orchestra but who have influenced legions of blues axemen, big stars as well as bar room dreamers, since.

Lonnie Johnson

Lonnie Johnson

Blues guitar simply would not have developed in the manner that it did if not for the prolific brilliance of Lonnie Johnson. He was there to help define the instrument’s future within the genre and the genre’s future itself at the very beginning, his melodic conception so far advanced from most of his prewar peers as to inhabit a plane all his own. For more than 40 years, Johnson played blues, jazz, and ballads his way; he was a true blues originator whose influence hung heavy on a host of subsequent blues immortals.

Johnson‘s extreme versatility doubtless stemmed in great part from growing up in the musically diverse Crescent City. Violin caught his ear initially, but he eventually made the guitar his passion, developing a style so fluid and inexorably melodic that instrumental backing seemed superfluous. He signed up with OKeh Records in 1925 and commenced to recording at an astonishing pace — between 1925 and 1932, he cut an estimated 130 waxings. The red-hot duets he recorded with white jazz guitarist Eddie Lang (masquerading as Blind Willie Dunn) in 1928-1929 were utterly groundbreaking in their ceaseless invention. Johnson also recorded pioneering jazz efforts in 1927 with no less than Louis Armstrong’s Hot Five and Duke Ellington‘s orchestra. (READ MORE)

 

Blind Blake

Blind Blake

Blind Blake is a figure of enormous importance in American music. Not only was he one of the greatest blues guitarists of all-time, Blake seems to have been the primary developer of “finger-style” ragtime on the guitar, the six-string equivalent to playing ragtime on the piano. Blake mastered this form so completely that few, if any, guitarists who have learned to play in this style since Blake have been able to match his quite singular achievements in this realm. Blind Blake was the most frequently recorded blues guitarist in the Paramount Records’ race catalog; indeed, Paramount waxed him as often as they could, as he was their best-selling artist. By the time the Paramount label folded in the fall of 1932, Blake had recorded an amazing 79 known sides for them under his own name and had contributed accompaniments to Paramount recordings by other artists such as Gus Cannon, Papa Charlie Jackson, Irene Scruggs, Ma Rainey and Ida Cox to name only a few. (READ MORE)

Scrapper Blackwell

Scrapper Blackwell

Scrapper Blackwell was one of the most important guitar players of the ’20s and early ’30s, with a clean, dazzlingly articulate style that anticipated the kind of prominent solo work that would emerge in Chicago as electric blues in the ’40s and ’50s, in the persons of Robert Nighthawk and the young Muddy Waters. His “string-snapping” solos transcend musical genres and defy the limitations of his period. Although Blackwell‘s recordings were done entirely on acoustic guitar, the playing on virtually every extant track is — and this is no joke — electrifying in its clarity and intensity. Along with Tampa Red (who also had some respect in jazz circles, and who was a more derivative figure, especially as a singer), Blackwell was one of a handful of pre-war blues guitarists whose work should be known by every kid who thinks it all started with Chuck Berry or even Muddy Waters. In addition to the albums credited to Scrapper Blackwell, his recordings can also be found on collections of Leroy Carr‘s work (virtually all of which feature Blackwell) including such releases as Magpie Records’ The Piano Blues: Leroy Carr 1930-35; and one Carr/Blackwell duet, “Papa’s on the Housetop,” which is not on The Virtuoso Guitar of Scrapper Blackwell, but shows up on Yazoo’s Uptown Blues: Guitar Piano Duets anthology. (READ MORE)

 

B.B. King

B.B. King

Universally hailed as the reigning king of the blues, the legendary B.B. King is without a doubt the single most important electric guitarist of the last half century. His bent notes and staccato picking style have influenced legions of contemporary bluesmen, while his gritty and confident voice — capable of wringing every nuance from any lyric — provides a worthy match for his passionate playing. Between 1951 and 1985, King notched an impressive 74 entries on Billboard’s R&B charts, and he was one of the few full-fledged blues artists to score a major pop hit when his 1970 smash “The Thrill Is Gone” crossed over to mainstream success (engendering memorable appearances on The Ed Sullivan Show and American Bandstand). Since that time, he has partnered with such musicians as Eric Clapton and U2 while managing his own acclaimed solo career, all the while maintaining his immediately recognizable style on the electric guitar. (READ MORE)

 

Track Listing

Lonnie Johnson

01 Mean Old Bedbug Blues – 1927

02 Have To Change Keys (To Play These Blues) – 1928

03 Guitar Blues – 1929

04 Playing With The Strings – 1928

05 No More Trouble Now – 1928

06 88 Glide – 1927

07 Flood Water – 1937

08 Swing Out Rhythm – 1937

09 Hot Springs Blues (Skin And Bones) – 1938

10 I’m Not Rough (Avec Louis Armstrong & His Hot Five) – 1927

Blind Blake

11 Blind Arthur Breakdown – 1929

12 You’re Gonna Quit Me Baby – 1927

13 Dry Bone Shuffle – 1927

14 Southern Rag – 1927

15 Too Tight Blues – 1926

16 Georgia Bound – 1929

17 Depression ‘s Gone From Me Blues – 1932

18 Police Dog Blues – 1929

Scrapper Blackwell

19 A Blues – 1935

20 D Blues – 1935

B.B.King

21 Miss Martha King – 1949

22 When Your Baby Packs Up – 1949

23 The Other Night Blues – 1950

24 B.B.’s Boogie – 1950

25 Walking And Crying – 1950

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